Opal is a very beautiful gemstone which contains all gemstones' colors, there is no other gemstone in existence as special as a opal. One individual opal can contain a world of colors, a brilliant dazzling rainbow fire which enchanting and changing with every light condition and any directions.
Opal, accepted as the " Queen of Gems", is the National Gemstone of Australia and one of the world's six precious stones (with diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds and pearls). More than 90% of the world's quality opals come from Southern Australia.
Most opal is more than 60 million years old and generally dates back to the Cretaceous period when dinosaurs roamed the earth. Numerous legends and tales surround this colorful gemstone, which can be traced back in its origins to a time long before our memory, to the ancient dream time of the Australian aborigines. It is reported in their legends that the creator came down to Earth on a rainbow, in order to bring the message of peace to all the humans. And at the very spot, where his foot touched the ground, the stones became alive and started sparkling in all the colors of the rainbow. That was the birth of the Opals.
Opal is a wondrous gemstone with a chemical composition of SiO2nH20, a hydrous silicon dioxide combined with water, the hardness is measured at 6.0 to 6.5 on the Mohs' scale.
Each and every piece of opal is unique. No two stones are exactly alike. The group of fine Opals includes various wonderful gemstones, but which share one characteristic: they shine and sparkle in a continually changing play of colors full of fantasy, which experts describe as "opalising". Depending on the kind, place of occurrence, and color of the main body, we differentiate Dark or Black Opal, White or Light Opal, Milk or Crystal Opal, Boulder Opal, Opal Matrix, Yowah Nuts from Queensland ¨C the so-called "picture stones", and also Mexican and Fire Opal. Opal variations are practically unlimited. They all show in their own special way that unique play of colors ¨C except for Fire Opal, which due to its transparency, however, is nevertheless also considered a Fine Opal specimen.
In order to best bring out the play of color in a Fine Opal, the stones are cut and polished to round or oval cabochons, or any other softly domed shape, depending on the raw material. Only the best qualities of Fire Opal, however, are suited to faceting. The Opal cutter will first of all carefully remove any impurities using a diamond cutting wheel, before working out the rough basic shape. The comes the fine cutting, the finishing with sandpaper and then the final polishing with a wet leather wheel.
Opal is often found as flat lenses, or thin layers, bigger pieces are rather rare. If you leave a thin but supporting layer of the harder mother rock, you will receive a pre-stage of the Opal-doublets which are frequently used today for mass produced jewelry. These are gemstone combinations consisting of a surface from millimetre-thin Opal plates, which have been mounted on Onyx, Obsidian, artificial black glass, or Potch-Opal. Triplets have been developed from this design, here the Opal layer receives an additional cover from Rock Crystal, Plastic, Hard Glass or Lead Glass for protection. Below are brief definitions for some main types of opal.
It is the most valuable. It is the most colorful with dark appearance distinguishes it from other opals.
It is mainly opaque, milky white with speckles, flashes, or sheets of rainbow colors,
It is transparent or translucent and display a variety of colors.
It is a naturally formed solid opal which consists of a fine layer of opal that has been deposited by nature on and in the fissures of ironstone base rock.
It consist of a layer or slice of precious natural opal which has been bonded to a dark or black backing. The backing can be potch, black glass or ironstone boulder. The dark backing enhances the color and simulates high quality black opal. The opal doublets cost much less than a solid black opal since it less opal material.
It is essentially a doublet capped by clear quartz cap. The quartz cap can not only prevents damage in setting and protects the actual opal from wear, but also acts as a magnifying glass to enlarging the color play and giving more of the appearance of fine black opal.
It consists of tightly fitted, irregular pieces of opal, carefully fitted to create a brilliant mosaic. This allows smaller, colorful chips of opal to be utilized rather than discarded.
It is a laboratory grown opal, which has essentially the same physical, optical, and chemical properties as natural opal.
- Opal is the National Gemstone of Australia and one of the world's six precious stones
- Opal was accept as ¡°Queen of Gems¡±
- High quality opal is more valuable than diamond; up to $20,000 per carat.
- Opal is the October birthstone.
- Opal is the anniversary gemstone for the 14th and 18th years of marriage.
- Opal is used to see possibilities.
- Opal was accepted as a symbol of faithfulness and confidence.
- The name "opal;" is derived from the Latin word opalus, meaning "precious stone"..
- The fantastic color play of Opal reflects changing emotions and moods of people.
- It is reported to be able to solve depressions and to help its wearer find the true and real love.
- The Arabs believed that opals fell from heaven in flashes of lightning, and that's how they received their fiery color.
- Opals are very powerful in ritual magic. Since opal contain all gemstones¡¯ colors, it can be used in place of any birthstone for spells, rituals or other magical needs. Opals have been linked to invisibility and astral projection. and have been used to recall past lives (each color supposedly represents a past life).
- It has reputed healing properties, especially to increase mental capacities such as creative imagination and other unused powers of the mind.
- Opals are supposed to further enhance the positive characteristics for people born under the zodiac sign of Cancer., and Boulder Opal is the lucky stone for Aries.
- Fire opals are often used in money rituals to draw funds to those who are in need, normally worn as a pendant on a gold necklace, one surrounded with 10 or 12 small diamonds is said to have excellent money drawing power.
- Black opals are the tools of choice for witches and magicians, who use them primarily to enhance their magical receptive or projection powers. Black opals worn near the heart on necklaces made of gold are said to ward off evil, protect one from the evil eye and protect travelers on journeys to far away lands. Opals have been ground up and used a magic potions to heal the body, ward off bad dreams, and used an energy enhancement tools. Black Opal is recommended to those born under Scorpio
- The white opal, when used in rituals on the full moon night, is said to bring the moon goddesses' powers to full fruition in the practitioner.
- Archaeologist Louis Leakey found six thousand year old opal artifacts in a cave in Kenya!
- The Aztecs mined opal in South and Central America.
- Opal was also treasured in the Middle Ages and was called ophthalmios, or "eye stone," due to a widespread belief that it was beneficial to eyesight. Blonde women wore opal necklaces to protect their hair from losing its color.
- A beautiful opal called the orphanus was set in the crown of the Holy Roman Emperor. It was described "as though pure white snow flashed and sparked with the color of bright ruddy wine, and was overcome by this radiance."
- Opals are also set in the crown jewels of France. Napoleon gave Josephine a beautiful opal with brilliant red flashed called "The burning of Troy," making her his He
- Opal has been described in medival times as a cure for diseases of the eye.
- Opal is given as a symbol of hope, happiness and truth.
- Black opal is regarded as an extremely lucky stone.
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to many experts and dealers
on opal jewelry culture promoting